Saturday, June 24, 2006

Bryggen i Bergen - "The Wharf in Bergen"

The Wharf in Bergen - In Norwegian "Bryggen i Bergen" - is the center of the old part of the city. The city itself was founded in 1070 by king Olav Kyrre ("The peaceful"), and they probably started building in this area at about the same time. The Hanseatic league had an office here from 1350 to 1754 and played a very dominating role in the shaping of the city's history.

The buildings are all made of wood. Bergen has suffered many large fires which have destroyed large parts of the both Bryggen and the town as such, but this area has always been recreated with same type of constructions and the same type of materials and after the same plan. The eleven buildings in the middle of the picture above were rebuilt after a fire in 1702 and is the front of 58 buildings. They are now on UNESCO's World Heritage List. The six buildings on the left were rebuilt after a fire in 1955. The larger buildings in stone are from the beginning of the 20th century and are in the Jugend style.

At the exstreme left you get a glimpse of the twin-towered "Mariakirken" ("Church of St. Mary"). It is Bergen's oldest remaining church and was probably built between 1130 and 1170. This also makes it the oldest remaining building in Bergen.

At the extreme right, a bit up in the side of the hill, you get a glimpse of "Skansen Brannstasjon" (The Fire station at Skansen")

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